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Category → K-12

Kids Grasp Water’s Importance

Posted on behalf of Charles Michael Drain, chemistry professor at Hunter College

of the City University of New York

As part of the celebration of the International Year of Chemistry, graduate student Jacopo Samson from Hunter College of the City University of New York and I participated in the “pH of the Planet” experiment with over 250 seventh grade students from Readington Middle School in Hunterdon County, N. J.

During the last week of April, the students brought in water samples from wells, lakes, rivers, and streams.  After viewing a National Geographic video about water on YouTube and discussing the properties of water, students worked in pairs to observe the turbidity and use indicators to determine the pH of 3-4 samples. Seventh grade science teachers Gerry Slattery and Chip Shepherd helped plan the experiment and worked with students when they had questions. A couple of students then tabulated the data and determined the average for each water source. Both the students and I were impressed that their averages matched well with what we determined using a calibrated pH electrode.  The tabulated data is being uploaded to a database along with pH values of local water sources determined by students from every part of the planet.

“I didn’t realize how many people don’t have access to clean water and how important pH is,” seventh grader Zach said.

Drain helps prepare the experiment in his son Neel's classroom

Show me the money: How a Ph.D. chemist is helping corporate America team up with K-12 STEM education programs

We hope this blog is making it abundantly clear that a chemistry degree qualifies you for a lot more than you might think. I mean, who knew a chemist could land a job at a Disney theme park where he could use his chemical knowledge to help make, for example, a more corrosion-resistant artificial skin?

It seems, therefore, that a reasonable approach to discovering your chemistry dream job is this: Figure out what you’re passionate about and what gets you out of bed in the morning. Then find a job that lets you do that. (Word of caution: Not every job you can dream up will be able to pay the rent, so that’s something important to keep in mind).

Zakiah Pierre, Ph.D. chemist, is a research associate for "Change the Equation", an organization whose goal is to improve the state of K-12 STEM teaching in the U.S. Courtesy photo.

This seems to be the approach Zakiah Pierre is taking in pursuing her career. Although she started grad school thinking she’d go into forensic science, along the way she discovered she was really passionate about “mentoring and paving the way for our future engineers and scientists.”

The more she got more involved in mentoring students, the more she became convinced that a science career that allowed her to have an immediate impact on students was the right path for her.

That line of thinking has led her to where she is today with Change the Equation, an organization focused on improving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education for every child, with a particular focus on girls and students of color.

One of the ways CTEq strives to accomplish its goals is by identifying innovative programs to advance STEM literary in the United States, measuring the success of these programs through research and analysis and replicating them in communities that need them most.

This is where Zakiah comes in. As a research associate, she gathers data regarding the condition of STEM learning state-by-state and nationwide and assesses the impact of STEM learning programs that receive corporate support.

By evaluating the success of various programs, she helps CTEq make a solid case for why companies should continue funding them—and expanding them to new, underserved sites.

She also writes reports that let their partners know about the needs in STEM learning, with the hope that changes in policy will be made to address those needs.

In addition to research and writing reports, Zakiah also blogs about science education news and programs and occasionally represents the organization at meetings around D.C. on a variety of STEM education topics.

In the future, Zakiah hopes to expand her role to writing short briefs for peer-reviewed journals on current issues in K-12 STEM learning.

It may be apparent by now that Zakiah has had to expand her knowledge base and skill set. The beauty of it all is that the diverse skill set she acquired through grad school provides her with a good foundation for taking on this job.

So while a Ph.D. is not necessarily required for the job she has now, Zakiah said there are so many skills that one acquires in the process that are transferrable to other jobs.

“You also learn how to network, learn all those ways of communication, time management, things to learn that you wouldn’t get working somewhere,” Zakiah said.

Ahh, the beauty of transferable skills…

A little more about CTEq, in case you’re interested:

The 110 companies that are part of CTEq have pledged “to connect and align their work to transform STEM learning in the United States by shining a light on progress and problems; advocating and influencing; leading by example; and acting as catalysts for change.” Continue reading →

Making Science Cool for Kids with K-12 STEM Outreach

If you love kids and science, you can have your cake and eat it too with a career in K-12 STEM outreach. Photo credit: flickr user jasonsbytes

If you love working with kids and you love science, why not find a career that allows you to have both? I mean, who says you can’t have your cake and eat it too?

I know what you might be thinking: I’m in grad school. I’m busy. And plus, I want to teach college kids. K-12 is for pre-college teachers.

These thoughts also came to my mind as I started working on this blog post. For me personally, after I decided to go to grad school I kind of put pre-college kids out of my mind since I was moving on to “higher education.” If I teach anyone, it’s going to be college kids.

But it turns out that there is a lot that people in higher education can do to help prepare the next generation of scientists to be successful future leaders—and it’s up to you whether it’s something you just do on the side, or something that becomes the focus of your career.

You may have already known that. Perhaps you’ve already done some science outreach things and have even personally demonstrated to kids how cool science is by making ice cream for them out of liquid nitrogen and heavy cream, right before their very eyes.

But have you thought about what difference your contributions can actually make?

What gets Sharlene Denos going every day is the knowledge that her efforts are helping to make a difference in the future of science in America.

From her experiences working in K-12 schools, Sharlene (Ph.D. in biophysics, 2009) has found that the greatest need in K-12 STEM education is for more inquiry-based learning.

Sharlene Denos performs science experiments with kids. See kids—isn’t science fun?

“The way science is taught, it’s as though everything has already been figured out,” Sharlene said. “When children leave the classroom, they don’t feel empowered like they could actually contribute something to science, and I think that’s a huge problem.”

The reason it’s a huge problem is because these kids are the future of our country. If they’re not prepared to take on scientific challenges, or have misconceptions about what science is all about, what then is in store for the future of science?

Sharlene has set out to make a career out of crossing academia with K-12 outreach. She loves working with kids and says her goal is to become a professor that helps bridge the gap between research scientists at the university and kids in grades K-12.

There aren’t many people in academia doing that sort of thing. But that’s one of the things she wants to help change. One of her goals is to help people in academia find ways to “participate effectively in [K-12] science education,” even if it’s not the focus of their careers.

For Sharlene, it all started when she got to grad school and found opportunities to get involved in K-12 science outreach. Initially it was just something she did on the side. That is, until…

…she got a fellowship through the National Science Foundation (NSF GK-12 STEM Fellowship). Sharlene emerged from two years on this fellowship with experience teaching in a local school, developing science curriculum, and facilitating professional development workshops for science teachers.

“During that time I really caught the science education bug,” she said, with a laugh. “It wasn’t until then that I thought, ‘I really like this, I really want to do this as a career.’ But I wasn’t sure exactly how that could happen.”

At this point in our conversation I had a burning question: What about your adviser—did he freak out?

Thankfully, no. Sharlene said she is grateful for her adviser who always supported her K-12 outreach pursuits. But she said she knows not all advisers would be that understanding. Ain’t that the truth…

After getting her Ph.D., she stayed at the University of Illinois as the K-12 Outreach Coordinator for an NSF-funded center and is now also the Project Coordinator for an introductory course on K-12 science education (known as iRISE).

Sharlene will soon be taking on a post-doc through the Center for the Physics of Living Cells at Illinois and hopes to ultimately get a faculty position that allows her to do education research and K-12 science outreach.

“My ideal position would be one within biological sciences, but my research would be in [K-12] education, or it could be a sort of shared appointment,” she said.

Sharlene’s advice to anyone who is interested in K-12 science outreach is to just get out there and start doing science with kids.

And for those who are pretty sure they want to make a career out of improving K-12 STEM education, Sharlene highly recommends the NSF GK-12 Fellowship.

For more information: The NSF GK-12 fellowship website is chock-full of links to K-12 STEM Resources. Also, there’s a new movie/documentary out about the troubled state of education in America, called Waiting for “Superman”.

Update (3/8/2011): The NSF GK-12 Fellowship program is being canceled due to budget cuts. Boo! According to the article in Science (DOI: 10.1126/science.331.6021.1127), this comes as a big surprise and disappointment to many who are involved in K-12 STEM education. There are, however, some who are campaigning to save the program (details in the article).